Medical Dermatology Procedures

Dermatology procedures encompass a wide range of treatments that serve both cosmetic and medical purposes. While many dermatological procedures are associated with enhancing appearance and addressing aesthetic concerns, several are primarily focused on diagnosing, treating, or preventing medical skin conditions. Let’s highlight some common dermatological procedures that serve medical purposes beyond cosmetic enhancement:

1. Skin Cancer Screening and Biopsy: Dermatologists perform thorough skin examinations to detect early signs of skin cancer, including melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. Suspicious lesions are biopsied for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment planning.

2. Acne Treatment: Acne is a common skin condition that can have physical and psychological impacts. Dermatologists offer various treatments, including topical medications, oral antibiotics, hormonal therapy, and isotretinoin (Accutane), to control acne and prevent scarring.

3. Eczema and Psoriasis Management: Dermatologists specialize in diagnosing and managing chronic inflammatory skin conditions like eczema (atopic dermatitis) and psoriasis. Treatment options may include topical corticosteroids, immunomodulators, phototherapy, and biologic medications.

4. Rosacea Therapy: Rosacea is a chronic skin condition characterized by facial redness, flushing, and sometimes acne-like breakouts. Dermatologists prescribe medications and recommend skincare routines to manage symptoms and prevent flare-ups.

5. Skin Allergy Testing: Dermatologists conduct patch testing or skin prick tests to identify allergens responsible for allergic contact dermatitis or other allergic skin reactions. This helps patients avoid triggering substances and manage their skin condition effectively.

6. Hair Loss Evaluation and Treatment: Dermatologists assess hair loss conditions such as alopecia areata, androgenetic alopecia (male/female pattern baldness), and telogen effluvium. Treatment options may include topical medications, oral medications, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy, and hair transplant surgery.

7. Infectious Skin Disease Management: Dermatologists diagnose and treat various infectious skin diseases such as fungal infections (e.g., ringworm, athlete’s foot), viral infections (e.g., herpes simplex, warts), and bacterial infections (e.g., cellulitis, impetigo).

8. Mohs Micrographic Surgery: This specialized surgical technique is used for removing skin cancer, particularly those with high-risk or recurrent tumors. Mohs surgery aims to spare healthy tissue while ensuring complete removal of cancerous cells.

9. Chronic Wound Care: Dermatologists manage chronic wounds, ulcers, and skin complications associated with conditions like diabetes, vascular disease, and autoimmune disorders. Treatment may involve wound debridement, advanced dressings, and specialized wound care techniques.

10. Treatment of Hyperhidrosis: Dermatologists offer options to manage excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis), including topical antiperspirants, oral medications, botulinum toxin (Botox) injections, and even surgical interventions like sympathectomy.

These medical dermatology procedures play a critical role in diagnosing, managing, and treating various skin diseases and conditions that impact patients’ health and quality of life. While cosmetic dermatology focuses on aesthetic enhancements, medical dermatology addresses underlying health concerns, emphasizing the importance of dermatologists in maintaining overall skin health and well-being.

If you have specific skin concerns or medical conditions, consult a board-certified dermatologist for personalized evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment recommendations tailored to your individual needs. Early intervention and appropriate management can help prevent complications and promote healthy skin for years to come.

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Dr. Shoma Sarkar is a well known celebrity dermatologist with more than 10 years of experience in the field of Aesthetic & Clinical Dermatology.

Disclaimer: The content on this website ( is solely for the purpose of educating and creating awareness about the domain i.e. Dermatology. This shall not be treated as a substitute to a professional dermatologist’s advice or prescription. There is no guarantee of specific results and the results for any treatment mentioned on the website may vary, as every individual and their skin conditions are different.

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