Keloids are scar tissues that grow on the injury site. It is a chronic skin disorder in which excess collagen forms a rubbery growth over the previously injured site. They normally result from inflammation, surgery, blisters, infections, acne, and body piercings.
Keloids can appear as single small spots on the skin, or they can affect several areas of the skin. They can be either round or linear. The broad variability in shape, size, and location is most likely due to underlying complex genetic abnormalities.
Various factors can increase the chances of developing keloid scars, including:
- Age: Keloids are more common in people aged 10 – 30 years old.
- Injury location: Keloids are more likely to grow on the upper back, shoulders, and chest, where the skin is tighter.
- Genetics: Around 1/3 of people who develop keloids have a genetic closeness.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes in people who are pregnant or have hypertension or a thyroid condition may increase the odds of developing keloid scars.
Various professional treatments are available and you should visit the best dermatologist for keloid scar treatment in Mumbai.
- Steroids: Steroids can be directly injected into the scar to reduce its size. This might take 3-4 sittings. There is a chance that Keloids grow back.
- Surgery: It’s probably the last option, but this can be included along with other treatments.
- Cryotherapy: The keloid is subjected to freezing, is an effective and relatively safe method of treating large keloids. Multiple sessions are required and needs post therapy care.
- CO2 Laser: CO2 laser beams are used to flatten out the keloid scars. Here at Dr. Soma’s Aesthetic Clinic, we use CO2 laser in some cases as needed.
- Compression: Applying pressure after surgery can reduce blood flow to the area, which may prevent a keloid from returning. This treatment is needed to be done for 6-12 months.
Many other treatments are available and hence should take the advice of your skin expert.
You can prevent the chances of developing Keloids by avoiding:
- Cosmetic Surgeries
Also, prevention can be done by taking proper care of the wound:
- Use sterile petroleum gauze to bandage the wound
- Clean the wound daily till it heals completely
- Protect the wound from the sun
You must seek medical advice and visit a good dermatologist nearby.