Acne Vulgaris or just acne is a long term skin condition where oil glands of the skin are clogged with hair follicles, forming pimples, spots or cysts.
It commonly occurs during puberty when the sebaceous glands activate. It is not dangerous but it can make your skin rough and can leave scars, acne scars. It affects 3 in every 4 people aged 11 to 30. Acne scar treatment is definitely available but for best results, always visit an acne specialist in Bangalore. Risk factors for acne include anxiety, stress, affects the menstrual cycle, and a hot and humid climate creates a suitable environment for acne or pimples to form.
Types of Acne
These are the most common forms of acne appearing on the skin as small or medium sized bumps, usually whitish or skin-toned in colour. Whiteheads occur when a pore becomes clogged with a mix of dead skin cells and sebum. This clogged pore gets covered by a layer of skin and develops pus within. This pus is what gives the whitehead its white appearance.
These are caused by clogged pores and they appear as black spots on skin. These are again non-inflammatory and are with swelling or infection and hence, they won’t be red or painful.
These are inflamed lesions which are pus filled and yellowish or whitish in color. These can cause acne scars if popped. These are also a type of pimples.
These are again pus filled inflamed lesions but are generally painful. These need extra medical attention. One should visit a skin specialist for acne treatment.
These are severe forms of acne which develop under the skin and having a size of around 1-2 cms. These don’t contain any pus.
How do acne scars cause?
Acne forms when your skin pores get clogged with too much oil and dead skin cells. Sometimes, it appears close to the surface of the skin – which means it will probably heal after a short time with minimal scarring. When acne is rooted farther down in the skin, though, it takes longer to heal. Because this runs deeper and destroys more of your skin tissue, it often leaves scars.
After the breakout, the body naturally tries to heal the damaged skin tissues. Scar will form when the body produces an extra or less amount of these tissues. When the body produces more of this tissues then it becomes a hypertrophic scar, raised scar. And when the less is produced then it creates an atrophic scar, a depression on skin.
How to prevent acne scars?
As we all know, prevention is better than cure. Reach out to the dermatologist near you and get a tropical skin care medication prescribed. This will help prevent acne before it can cause the scarring. There are some other basic rules to prevent the acne or pimples scars:
Don’t pop: when you pop the pimples, it does more harm than good. Once you pop it, you release all the oils, bacteria and debris out onto your skin. This can cause more pimples or infections. This can lead to scarring as it will prevent the natural healing process of the body.
Moisturize your skin: Staying moisturised helps in the healing process as well as keeps your skin healthy.
Use sunscreen: Sunlight can darken the scars and spots more noticeable. Wearing sunscreen will make its appearance light. Consult a dermatologist near you for the right sunscreen for your skin type.
Acne Scars Treatments
Even though there are all the preventive measures that can be taken, there are still cases when the patients suffer for years with the acne and scars. In such cases, you should contact the best dermatologist in bangalore for consultation. There are various effective treatments available which can be of great help:
Chemical Peels: Various intensities of acids are used to remove the debris from the acne. This is the most common treatment for acne and scars and has minimal downtime. There are many different types of chemical peels and it is suggested to consult your skin expert in Bangalore.
Microneedling: Uses fine needles that prick your skin. During the skin-pricking process, your skin produces more collagen in an effort to heal the small wounds from the needles. microneedling works best for depressed — not raised — acne scars. This has to do with the collagen-inducing effects. If you have raised acne scars, you already have excess collagen in the area.
Microdermabrasion: It’s an exfoliation process of the outermost skin. The exfoliated skin is suctioned through an attached vacuum, removing dead skin cells in order to improve the appearance of acne scars.
Laser Resurfacing: Laser skin resurfacing removes skin very precisely, layer-by-layer by vaporizing it. The lasers stimulate the growth of new collagen fibers resulting in new skin that is smoother and firmer.
This procedure is also called Laser Peel.
You should always consult a registered and certified practitioner or dermatologist in your area for any laser treatment.
Acne, pimples or scars can be very frustrating at times. If you couldn’t prevent these in the first place then don’t worry still. There are effective treatments available too which will make those less visible. Even though most scars are permanent, a good skin care doctor in bangalore for acne can help you with the right treatment.